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1 Paul, an apostle (not from men, neither through man, but through Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead)— 2And all the brethren that are with me, unto the churches of Galatia. 3Grace to you and peace from God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, 4who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us out of this present evil world, according to the will of our God and Father: 5to whom be the glory for ever and ever. Amen.


6I marvel that you are so quickly removed from him that called you in the grace of Christ unto a different gospel; 7which is not another gospel: only there are some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ.


 8But though we, or an angel from heaven, should preach unto you any gospel other than that which we preached unto you, let him be anathema.


9As we have said before, so I now say again, if any man preach unto you any gospel other than that which you received, let him be anathema.


10For am I now seeking the favor of men, or of God? Or am I striving to please men? If I were still pleasing men, I should not be a servant of Christ.

11For I make known to you, brethren, as touching the gospel which was preached by me, that it is not after man. 12For neither did I receive it from man, nor was I taught it, but it came to me through the revelation of Jesus Christ.

13For you have heard of my manner of life in time past in the Jews’ religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and made havoc of it. 14And I advanced in the Jews’ religion beyond many of my own age among my countrymen, being more exceedingly zealous for the traditions of my fathers. 15But when it was the good pleasure of God, who separated me, even from my mother’s womb, and called me through his grace,


16to reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the Gentiles. Immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood: 17neither did I go up to Jerusalem to them that were apostles before me: but I went away into Arabia; and again I returned unto Damascus. 18Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to visit Cephas, and tarried with him fifteen days. 19But of the other apostles I saw none, save James the Lord’s brother.

20Now touching the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not.

21Then I came unto the regions of Syria and Cilicia. 22And I was still unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ: 23but they only heard say, He that once persecuted us now preaches the faith of which he once made havoc; 24and they glorified God in me.


2 Then after the space of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me. 2And I went up by revelation; and I laid before them the gospel which I preach among the Gentiles but privately before them who were of reputation, unless by any means I should be running, or had run, in vain.

3But not even Titus who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. 4And that because of the false brethren secretly brought in, who came in privately to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage.

5To whom we gave not ourselves into subjection, no, not for an hour, that the truth of the gospel might continue with you. 6But from those who were reputed to be somewhat (whatsoever they were, it makes no matter to me: God accepts no man’s person)—they, I say, who were of repute imparted nothing to me. 7But contrariwise, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel of the Uncircumcision, even as Peter with the gospel of the Circumcision 8(for he that worked for Peter unto the apostleship of the Circumcision worked for me also unto the Gentiles).                                    


11But when Cephas came to Antioch, I resisted him to the face, because he stood condemned. 12For before when certain ones came from James, he ate with the Gentiles. But when they came, he drew back and separated himself, fearing them that were of the Circumcision. 13And the rest of the Jews dissembled likewise with him, inasmuch that even Barnabas was carried away with their dissimulation.


14But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Cephas before them all, If you, being a Jew, live as do the Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why do you compel the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?


15We being Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,


16yet knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but through the faith of Jesus Christ, even we believed on Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: because by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.


17But if, while we sought to be justified in Christ, we ourselves also were found sinners, is Christ a minister of sin? God forbid.


18For if I build up again those things which I destroyed, I prove myself a transgressor.


19For through the law I died unto the law, that I might live unto God. 20I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I that live, but Christ living in me. And that life which I now live in the flesh I live in faith—That faith that is in the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself up for me.


21I do not make void the grace of God: for if righteousness is through the law, then Christ died for nothing.


3 O foolish Galatians, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was openly set forth and crucified, who did bewitch you?

2This only would I learn from you. Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

3Are you so foolish? Having begun in the Spirit, are you now perfected in the flesh?

4Did you suffer so many things in vain? If it be indeed in vain.

5He therefore that supplies to you the Spirit, and works miracles among you, does he do it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

6Even as Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.


7Know therefore that they that are of faith, the same are sons of Abraham.


8And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand unto Abraham, saying, In you shall all the nations be blessed.


9So then they that are of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.


10For as many as are of the works of the law are under a curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one who continues not in all things that are written in the book of the law, to do them.

11Now it is evident that no man is justified by the law before God. For the righteous shall live by faith- 12and the law is not of faith, but, He that does them shall live in them.



13Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us—for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangs on a tree.


14That even upon the Gentiles might come the blessing of Abraham in Christ Jesus, and that we might also receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.


15Brethren, I speak after the manner of men: Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet when it has been confirmed, no one makes it void, or adds thereto.


16Now to Abraham were the promises spoken, and to his seed. He did not say, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to your seed, which is Christ.


17Now this I say: A covenant confirmed beforehand by God, the law, which came four hundred and thirty years after, does not disannul, so as to make the promise of no effect.


18For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no more of promise: but God has granted it to Abraham by promise. (Ref.Gen.17:19; 21:4)


19What then is the law for? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise has been made; and it was ordained through angels by the hand of a mediator.

20Now a mediator is not a mediator of one; but God is one.

21Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could make alive, truly righteousness would have been of the law.

22But the scriptures shut up all things under sin, that the promise by the faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.


23But before faith came to us, we were kept inward under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.


24So that the law is become our tutor to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.


25But now that faith is come, we are no longer under a tutor.


26For you are all sons of God, through faith in Christ Jesus.

27For as many of you as were baptized into Christ did put on Christ.


28There can be neither Jew nor Greek, there can be neither bond nor free, there can be no male and female; for you all are one man in Christ Jesus.

In the invisible spiritual realm.


29And if you are Christ’s, then are you Abraham’s seed, heirs according to promise.


4 But I say that so long as the heir is a child, he differs nothing from a bondservant though he is lord of all; 2but is under guardians and stewards until the day appointed of the father. 3So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the rudiments of the world.

4But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5that he might redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

6And because you are sons, God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

7So that you are no longer a bondservant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir through God.


8Howbeit at that time, not knowing God, you were in bondage to them that by nature are no gods.


9But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, why do you turn back again to those weak and beggarly rudiments, whereunto you desire to be in bondage once again?


10You observe days, and months, and seasons, and years. 11I am afraid of you, unless by any means I have bestowed labor upon you in vain.

12I beg you, brethren, become as I am, for I also am become as you are. You did me no wrong.

13But you know that because of an infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you the first time: 14and that which was a temptation to you in my flesh you despised not, nor rejected; but you received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus.

15Where then is that gratefulness of yours? For I bear you witness, that, if possible, you would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me.

16So then, am I become your enemy by telling you the truth?


17They zealously seek you in no good way; no, they desire to shut you out, that you may seek them.


18But it is good to be zealously sought in a good matter at all times, and not only when I am present with you.

19My little children, of whom I am again in travail until Christ be formed in you— 20but I could wish to be present with you now, and to change my tone; for I am perplexed about you.


21Tell me, you that desire to be under the law, do you not hear the law? 22For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, one by the handmaid, and one by the freewoman. 23Howbeit the son by the handmaid is born after the flesh; but the son by the freewoman is born through promise. 24Which things contain an allegory: for these women are two covenants; one from mount Sinai, bearing children unto bondage, which is Hagar. 25Now this Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia and answered to the Jerusalem that now is: for she is in bondage with her children. 26But the Jerusalem that is above is free, which is our mother.

“the son by the handmaid is born after the flesh” (Ref.Gen.16:, Gen.21:)


“but the son by the freewoman is born through promise.” (Ref.Gen.17)


24Which things contain an allegory: for these women are two covenants


“one from mount Sinai, bearing children unto bondage, which is Hagar. 25Now this Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia and answered to the Jerusalem that now is: for she is in bondage with her children.”


26But the Jerusalem that is above is free, which is our mother."                           


27For it is written, Rejoice, you barren that bear not; Break forth and cry, you that travail not: For more are the children of the desolate than of her that has the husband.


28Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise. 29But as then, he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, so also it is now.


30Therefore, what do the scripture say? Cast out the handmaid and her son: for the son of the handmaid shall not inherit with the son of the freewoman.


31Wherefore, brethren, we are not children of a handmaid, but of the freewoman.


5 For freedom did Christ set us free: stand fast therefore, and be not entangled again in a yoke of bondage.

2Behold, I Paul say unto you, that, if you receive circumcision, Christ will profit you nothing. 3Yes, I testify again to every man that receives circumcision, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. 4You are severed from Christ, you who would be justified by the law; you are fallen away from grace.

5For we, through the Spirit, by faith, wait for the hope of righteousness. 6For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision avails anything, nor Uncircumcision; but faith working through love.                      

7You were running well; who hindered you that you should not obey the truth? 8This persuasion came not of him that calls you. 9A little leaven leavens the whole lump. 10I have confidence towards you in the Lord, that you will be none otherwise minded: but he that troubles you shall bear his judgment, whosoever he is.

11But I, brethren, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still persecuted? Then has the stumbling-block of the cross been done away. 12I would that they that unsettle you would even go beyond circumcision.


13For you, brethren, were called for freedom; only use not your freedom for an occasion to the flesh, but through love be servants one to another. 14For the whole law is fulfilled in one word, even in this: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.


15But if you bite and devour one another, take heed that you be not consumed one of another.


16But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh.


17For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are contrary the one to the other; that you may not do the things that you would like to do.


18But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law.

19Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these: fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousies, wraths, factions, divisions, parties, 21envyings, drunkenness, revellings, and such like; of which I forewarn you, even as I did forewarn you, that they who practice such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.


22But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23meekness, self-control; against such there is no law. 24And they that are of Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with the passions and the lusts thereof. 25If we live by the Spirit, by the Spirit let us also walk. 26So let us not become vainglorious, provoking one another, envying one another.


6 Brethren, even if a man be overtaken in any trespass, you who are spiritual, restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness; looking to yourself, unless you also be likewise tempted.

2Bear one another’s burdens, and so by doing this you fulfill the law of Christ.

3For if a man thinks himself to be something when he is nothing, he deceives himself. 4But let each man prove his own work, and then shall he have his glorying in regard of himself alone, and not of his neighbor. 5For each man shall bear his own burden.

6But let him that is taught in the word communicate unto him that teaches in all good things.

7Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man sows, that shall he also reap. 8For he that sows unto his own flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that sows unto the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap eternal life. 9And let us not be weary in well-doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.

10So then, as we have opportunity, let us work that which is good toward all men, and especially toward them that are of the household of the faith.

11See how large are these letters I write unto you with my own hand.

12As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, they compel you to be circumcised; only that they may not be persecuted for the cross of Christ.


13For not even they who receive circumcision do themselves keep the law; but they desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.


14But far be it from me to glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified unto me, and I unto the world. 15For neither is circumcision anything, nor Uncircumcision, but a new creature.


16And as many as shall walk by this rule, peace be upon them and mercy upon the Israel of God.


17Henceforth, let no man trouble me; for I bear branded on my body—the marks of Jesus. 18The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit, brethren.



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 All text copyright © 2005 Aaron Randall. All rights reserved.  Photos, unless otherwise credited, are the property of the auth, all rights reserved.  Originally posted February 24, 2004.  Revised: April 07, 2010.