The Aaron Papers 

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1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 2which he promised before through his prophets in the holy scriptures, 3concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, 4who was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead; even Jesus Christ our Lord, 5through whom we received grace and apostleship, unto obedience of faith among all the nations, for his nameís sake; 6among whom are you also called to be Jesus Christís: 7To all that are in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

8First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is proclaimed throughout the whole world. 9For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of his Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you, always in my prayers 10making request, if by any means now at length I may be prospered by the will of God to come unto you. 11For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end you may be established; 12that is, that I along with you may be comforted, each of us by the otherís faith, both yours and mine. 13And I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you (and was hindered), that I might have some fruit in you also, even as in the rest of the Gentiles. 14I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. 15So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you also that are in Rome.

16For I am not ashamed of the gospel: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believes; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 17For therein is revealed a righteousness of God from faith unto faith: as it is written, But the righteous shall live by faith.

 18For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hinder the truth in unrighteousness;

19because that which is known of God is manifest in them; for God manifested it unto them. 20For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting power and divinity; that they may be without excuse: 21because that, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither gave thanks; but became vain in their reasonings, and their senseless hearts were darkened. 22Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, 23and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things. 24Wherefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts unto uncleanness, that their bodies should be dishonored among themselves: 25for that they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. 26For this cause God gave them up unto vile passions: for their women changed the natural use into that which is against nature: 27and likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another, men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was due. 28And even as they refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up unto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting; 29being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30backbiters, hateful to God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful: 32who, knowing the ordinance of God, that they that practice such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also consent with them that practice them.


2 Wherefore you are without excuse, O man, whosoever you are that judges: for wherein you judge another, you condemn yourself; for you that judge do practice the same things. 2And we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against them that practice such things. 3And reckon this, O man, who judges them that practice such things, and do the same, that you shall escape the judgment of God? 4Or do you despise the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance? 5But after your hard and impenitent heart treasures up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God; 6who will render to every man according to his works: 7to them that by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and incorruption, eternal life: 8but unto them that are factious, and obey not the truth, but obey unrighteousness, shall be wrath and indignation, 9tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that works evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Greek; 10but glory and honor and peace to every man that works good, to the Jew first, and also to the Greek: 11for there is no respect of persons with God. 12For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without the law: and as many as have sinned under the law shall be judged by the law; 13for not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified: 14(For when Gentiles that have not the law do by nature the things of the law, these, not having the law, are the law unto themselves; 15in that they show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness with them, and their thoughts one with another accusing or else excusing them); 16in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men, according to my gospel, by Jesus Christ.

17But if you bear the name of a Jew, and rest upon the law, and glory in God, 18and know his will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law, 19and are confident that you yourself are a guide of the blind, a light of them that are in darkness, 20a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having in the law the form of knowledge and of the truth; 21you therefore that teaches another, do you not teach yourself? You that preach a man should not steal, do you steal? 22You that say a man should not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You that detest idols, do you rob temples? 23You who glory in the law, through your transgression of the law you dishonor God? 24For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you, even as it is written.

25For circumcision is indeed profitable, if you are a doer of the law: but if you are a transgressor of the law, your circumcision is become Uncircumcision. 26If therefore the Uncircumcision keep the ordinances of the law, shall not his Uncircumcision be counted for circumcision? 27And shall not the Uncircumcision that is by nature, if it fulfill the law, judge you, who with the letter and circumcision are a transgressor of the law? 28For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh: 29but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.


3 What advantage then has the Jew? Or what is the profit of circumcision? 2Much every way: first of all, they were entrusted with the oracles of God.

3For what if some were without faith? Shall their lack of faith make the faithfulness of God of no effect? 4God forbid: Yes, let God be found true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That you might be justified in your words, And might prevail when you come into judgment.

5But if our righteousness commends the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who visits with wrath? (I speak after the manner of men.) 6God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world?

7But if the truth of God through my lie abounded unto his glory, why am I also still judged as a sinner? 8And why not (as we are slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say), Let us do evil, that good may come? Whose condemnation is just.

9What then, are we better than they? No, in no way: for we before laid to the charge both of Jews and Greeks, that they are all under sin; 10as it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one; 11There is none that understands, There is none that seeks after God; 12They have all turned aside, they are together become unprofitable; There is none that does good, no, not, so much as one: 13Their throat is an open sepulchre; With their tongues they have used deceit: The poison of asps is under their lips: 14Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: 15Their feet are swift to shed blood; 16Destruction and misery are in their ways; 17And the way of peace they have not known: 18There is no fear of God before their eyes.

19Now we know that what things soever the law says, it speaks to them that are under the law; that every mouth may be silenced, and all the world may be brought under the judgment of God: 20because by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified in his sight; for through the law comes the knowledge of sin.


21But now apart from the law a righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; 22even the righteousness of God through the faith of Jesus Christ unto all them that believe; for there is no distinction; 23for all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God; 24 (Nevertheless, we are) justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: 25whom God set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to show his righteousness because of the passing over of the sins done before, in the forbearance of God; 26for the showing, I say, of his righteousness at this present time: that he might himself be just, and the justifier of him that has faith in Jesus.


27Where then is the glorying? It is excluded.


By what manner of law? Of works? No: but by a law of faith.


28We reckon therefore that a man is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.


29Or is God the God of Jews only? Is he not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also:


30if so be that God is one, and he shall justify the circumcision by faith, and the Uncircumcision through faith.


31Do we then make the law of none effect through faith? God forbid: no, we establish the law.


4 What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather, has found according to the flesh? 2For if Abraham was justified by works, he has whereof to glory; but not toward God.

3For what do the scripture say? And Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.

4Now to him that works, the reward is not counted as of grace, but as of debt. 5But to him that works not, but believes on him that justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.

6Even as David also pronounced blessing upon the man, unto whom God counted righteousness apart from works, 7saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, And whose sins are covered. 8Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not reckon sin.


9Is this blessing then pronounced upon the circumcision, or upon the Uncircumcision also? For we say, To Abraham his faith was counted for righteousness.


10How then was it counted? When he was in circumcision, or in Uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in Uncircumcision:


11and he received the sign of Circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while he was in uncircumcision; that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be in uncircumcision, that righteousness might be counted unto them; 12and the father of Circumcision to them who not only are of the Circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham which he had in uncircumcision. 13For not through the law was the promise to Abraham or to his seed that he should be heir of the world, but through the righteousness of faith. 14For if they that are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made of none effect: 15for the law works wrath; but where there is no law, neither is there transgression. 16For this cause it is of faith, that it may be according to grace; to the end that the promise may be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all

17(as it is written, A father of many nations have I made you) before him whom he believed, even God, who gives life to the dead, and calls the things that are not, as though they were. 18Who in hope believed against hope, to the end that he might become a father of many nations, according to that which had been spoken, So shall your seed be. 19And without being weakened in faith he considered his own body now as good as dead (he being about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarahís womb; 20yet, looking unto the promise of God, he wavered not through unbelief, but waxed strong through faith, giving glory to God, 21and being fully assured that what he had promised, he was able also to perform. 22Wherefore also it was counted unto him for righteousness.

23Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was counted unto him; 24but for our sake also, unto whom it shall be counted, who believe on him that raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25who was delivered up for our trespasses, and was raised for our justification.


5 Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ; 2through whom also we have had our access by faith into this grace wherein we stand; and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God. 3And not only so, but we also rejoice in our tribulations: knowing that tribulation works steadfastness; 4and steadfastness, approval; and approval, hope: 5and hope puts not to shame; because the love of God has been shed abroad in our hearts through the Holy Spirit which was given unto us.

6For while we were yet weak, in due season Christ died for the ungodly.


7For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: but peradventure for the good man some one would even dare to die.


8But God commended his own love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.


9Much more then, being now justified by his blood, shall we be saved from the wrath of God through him.


10For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, shall we be saved by his life; 11and not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.


12Therefore, as through one man, sin entered into the world, and death through sin; and so death passed unto all men, for that all have sinned:--


13For until the law, sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the likeness of Adamís transgression, who is a figure of him that was to come.


15But not as the trespass, so also is the free gift. For if by the trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound unto the many. 16And not as through one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment came of one unto condemnation, but the free gift came of many trespasses unto justification.


17For if, by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one; much more shall they that receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, even Jesus Christ.


18So then, as through one trespass the judgment came unto all men to condemnation; even so, through one act of righteousness the free gift came unto all men to justification of life.


19For as through the one manís disobedience the many were made sinners, even so, through the obedience of the one shall the many be made righteous.


20And the law came in besides, that the trespass might abound; but where sin abounded, grace did abound more exceedingly: 21that, as sin reigned in death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.


6 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? 2God forbid.

We who died to sin, how shall we any longer live therein? 3Or are you ignorant that all we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? 4We were buried therefore with him through baptism unto death: that like as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life.

5For if we have become united with him in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection; 6knowing this, that our old man was crucified with him, that the body of sin might be done away, so that we should no longer be in bondage to sin; 7for he that has died (with Christ) is justified from sin.

8But if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him; 9knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dies no more; death no more has dominion over him. 10For the death that he died, he died unto sin once: but the life that he lives, he lives unto God.

11Even so reckon you also yourselves to be dead unto sin, but alive unto God in Christ Jesus. 12Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that you should obey the lusts thereof: 13neither present your members unto sin as instruments of unrighteousness; but present yourselves unto God, as alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God. 14For sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are not under law, but under grace.

15What then? Shall we sin, because we are not under law, but under grace? God forbid.

16Know you not, that to whom you present yourselves as servants unto obedience, his servants you are whom you obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

17But thanks be to God, that, whereas you were servants of sin, you became obedient from the heart to that form of teaching whereunto you were delivered; 18and being made free from sin, you became servants of righteousness.

19I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as you presented your members as servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity, even so now present your members as servants to righteousness unto sanctification.

20For when you were servants of sin, you were free in regard of righteousness. 21What fruit then had you at that time in the things whereof you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death.

22But now being made free from sin and become servants to God, you have your fruit unto sanctification, and the end eternal life. 23For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.


7 Or are you ignorant, brethren (for I speak to men who know the law), that the law has dominion over a man for so long time as he lives?

2For the woman that has a husband is bound by law to the husband while he lives; but if the husband die, she is discharged from the law of the husband. 3So then if, while the husband lives, she be joined to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if the husband die, she is free from the law, so that she is no adulteress, though she be joined to another man.

4Wherefore, my brethren, you also were made dead to the law through the body of Christ; that you should be joined to another, even to him who was raised from the dead, that we might bring forth fruit unto God.

5For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were through the law, worked in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

6But now we have been discharged from the law, having died to that wherein we were held; so that we serve in newness of the spirit, and not in oldness of the letter.


7What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid.


Howbeit, I had not known sin, except through the law: for I had not known coveting, except the law had said, You shall not covet: 8but sin, finding occasion, worked in me through the commandment all manner of coveting: for apart from the law sin is dead. 9And I was alive apart from the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died; 10and the commandment, which was unto life, this I found to be unto death: 11for sin, finding occasion, through the commandment beguiled me, and through it slew me. 12So that the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and righteous, and good.


13Did then that which is good become death unto me? God forbid.

But sin, that it might be shown to be sin, by working death to me through that which is good; --that through the commandment sin might become exceeding sinful.


14For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. 15For that which I do I understand not: for what I would not do, that I practice; but what I hate, that I do. 16But if I do what I should not do, I consent unto the law that it is good. 17So now it is no longer I that do it, but sin which dwells in me. 18For I know that in me, that is, in my flesh, dwells no good thing: for to will is present with me, but to do that which is good is not. 19For the good which I would do, I do not: but the evil which I should not, that I practice. 20But if I do what I should not do, it is no longer I that do it, but sin which dwells in me. 21I find then the law, that, to me who would do good, evil is present with me. 22For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: 23but I see a different law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity under the law of sin which is in my members. 24O Wretched man that I am! Who shall deliver me out of the body of this death? 25I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then I of myself with the mind, indeed, serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.


8 There is therefore now no condemnation to them that are in Christ Jesus. 2For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus made me free from the law of sin and of death. 3For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God, sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: 4that the ordinance of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 5For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. 6For the mind of the flesh is death; but the mind of the Spirit is life and peace: 7because the mind of the flesh is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can it be: 8and they that are in the flesh cannot please God. 9But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if any man has not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

10And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the spirit is life because of righteousness. 11But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead shall give life also to your mortal bodies through his Spirit that dwells in you. 12So then, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh: 13for if you live after the flesh, you must die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you shall live. 14For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15For you received not the spirit of bondage again unto fear; but you received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 16The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit, that we are children of God:

17and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified with him. 18For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that shall be revealed to us-ward. 19For the earnest expectation of the creation waits for the revealing of the sons of God. 20For the creation was subjected to vanity, not of its own will, but by reason of him who subjected the same, in hope 21that the creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the liberty of the glory of the children of God. 22For we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now. 23And not only so, but ourselves also, who have the first-fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for our adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. 24For in hope were we saved: but hope that is seen is not hope: for who hopes for that which he sees? 25But if we hope for that which we see not, then do we with patience wait for it.

26And in like manner the Spirit also helps our infirmity: for we know not how to pray as we ought; but the Spirit himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered; 27and he that searches the heart knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because he makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God. 28And we know that to them that love God all things work together for good, even to them that are called according to his purpose.

29For whom he foreknew, he also foreordained to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren: 30and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.


31What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us?

32He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not also with him freely give us all things? 33Who shall lay anything to the charge of Godís elect? It is God that justifies; 34who is he that condemns? It is Christ Jesus that died, yes rather, that was raised from the dead, who is at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us.


35Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or anguish, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? 36Even as it is written, For your sake we are killed all the daylong; We were accounted as sheep for the slaughter. 37No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. 38For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.


9 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing witness with me in the Holy Spirit, 2that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart. 3For I could wish that I myself were anathema from Christ for my brethrenís sake, my kinsmen according to the flesh: 4who are Israelites; whose is the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; 5whose are the fathers, and of whom is Christ as concerning the flesh, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

6But it is not as though the word of God has come to nothing. For they are not all Israel that are of Israel: 7neither, because they are Abrahamís seed, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall your seed be called. 8That is, it is not the children of the flesh that are children of God; but the children of the promise are counted for a seed. 9For this is a word of promise, According to this season will I come, and Sarah shall have a son. 10And not only so; but Rebecca also having conceived by one, even by our father Isaac-- 11for the children being not yet born, neither having done anything good or bad, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calls, 12it was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. 13Even as it is written, Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.

14What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.

15For he said to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion. 16So then it is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that has mercy. 17For the scripture said unto Pharaoh, For this very purpose did I raise you up, that I might show in you my power, and that my name might be published abroad in all the earth. 18So then he has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will be hardens. 19You will say then unto me, Why does he still find fault? For who withstands his will? 20No, but O man, who are you that replies against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why did you make me this way? 21Or has not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor? 22What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction: 23and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he before prepared unto glory, 24even us, whom he also called, not from the Jews only, but also from the Gentiles?

25As he said also in Hosea, I will call that my people, which was not my people; And her beloved, that was not beloved. 26And it shall be, that in the place where it was said unto them, You are not my people, There shall they be called sons of the living God. 27And Isaiah cries concerning Israel, If the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, it is the remnant that shall be saved: 28for the Lord will execute his word upon the earth, finishing it and cutting it short. 29And, as Isaiah has said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, We had become as Sodom, and had been made like unto Gomorrah.

30What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, who followed not after righteousness, attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith: 31but Israel, following after a law of righteousness, did not arrive at that law. 32Why? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling; 33even as it is written, Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence: And he that believes on him shall not be put to shame.


10 Brethren, my heartís desire and my supplication to God is for them, that they may be saved. 2For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. 3For being ignorant of Godís righteousness, and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God. 4For Christ is the end of the law unto righteousness to every one that believes. 5For Moses wrote that the man that does the righteousness which is of the law shall live thereby. 6But the righteousness which is of faith said this, Say not in your heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down:) 7or, Who shall descend into the abyss? (That is, to bring Christ up from the dead.) 8But what does it say? The word is near you, even in your mouth, and in your heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach: 9Because if you shall confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and shall believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you shall be saved: 10for with the heart man believes unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11For the scripture said, Whosoever believes on him shall not be put to shame.

12For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same Lord is Lord of all, and is rich unto all that call upon him: 13for, Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. 14How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in him whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher? 15And how shall they preach, except they be sent? Even as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that bring glad tidings of good things! 16But they did not all attend to the glad tidings. For Isaiah said, Lord, who has believed our report? 17So belief comes of hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ. 18But I say, Did they not hear? Yes, truly, Their sound went out into all the earth, And their words unto the ends of the world. 19But I say, Did Israel not know? First Moses said, I will provoke you to jealousy with that which is no nation, With a nation void of understanding will I anger you. 20And Isaiah is very bold, and said, I was found of them that sought me not; I became manifest unto them that asked not of me. 21But as to Israel he said, All the day long did I spread out my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.


11 I say then, Did God cast off his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2God did not cast off his people which he foreknew. Or know you not what the scripture said of Elijah? How he pleaded with God against Israel: 3Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have torn down your altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life. 4But what said the answer of God unto him? I have left for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.

5Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. 6And if it is by grace, it is no longer of works: otherwise grace is no longer grace. But if it be of works, then is it no longer grace: otherwise work is no longer work.

7What then? That which Israel seeks for, that he obtained not; but the election obtained it, and the rest were hardened: 8according as it is written, God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, unto this very day. 9And David said, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, And a stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them: 10Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, And bow you down their back always.


11I say then, did they stumble that they might fall? God forbid: but by their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, to provoke them to jealousy.

12Now if their fall, is the riches of the world, and their loss the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fullness?

13But I speak to you that are Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle of Gentiles, I glorify my ministry; 14if by any means I may provoke to jealousy them that are my flesh, and may save some of them.

15For if the casting away of them is the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?

16And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, was grafted in among them, and did become partaker with them of the root of the fatness of the olive tree; 18glory not over the branches: but if you glory, it is not you that bear the root, but the root you.

19You will say then, Branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in.

20Well, by their unbelief they were broken off and you are standing by your faith.

Be not high-minded, but fear: 21for if God spared not the natural branches, neither will he spare you.

22Behold then the goodness and severity of God: toward them that fell, severity; but toward you, Godís goodness, if you continue in his goodness: otherwise you also shall be cut off.

23And they also, if they continue not in their unbelief, shall be grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again.

24For if you was cut out of that which is by nature a wild olive tree, and was grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree; how much more shall these, which are the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?

25For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant of this mystery, unless you become wise in your own conceits, that a hardening in part has befallen Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles be come in; 26and so all Israel shall be saved: even as it is written, There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer; He shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: 27And this is my covenant unto them, When I shall take away their sins.

28As touching the gospel, they are enemies for your sake: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathersí sake. 29For the gifts and the calling of God are not repented of. 30For as you in time past were disobedient to God, but now have obtained mercy by their disobedience, 31even so have these also now been disobedient, that by the mercy shown to you they also may now obtain mercy. 32For God has shut up all unto disobedience, that he might have mercy upon all.


33O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out! 34For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor? 35or who has first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again? 36For of him, and through him, and unto him, are all things. To him be the glory for ever. Amen.


12 I beg you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. 2And be not fashioned according to this world: but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is the good and acceptable and perfect will of God. 3For I say, through the grace that was given me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think as to think soberly, according as God has dealt to each man a measure of faith. 4For even as we have many members in one body, and all the members have not the same office: 5so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and severally members one of another. 6And having gifts differing according to the grace that was given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of our faith; 7or ministry, let us give ourselves to our ministry; or he that teaches, to his teaching; 8or he that exhorts, to his exhorting: he that gives, let him do it with liberality; he that rules, with diligence; he that shows mercy, with cheerfulness. 9Let love be without hypocrisy. Detest that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. 10In love of the brethren be tenderly affectionate one to another; in honor preferring one another; 11in diligence not slothful; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord; 12rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing steadfastly in prayer; 13communicating to the necessities of the saints; given to hospitality. 14Bless them that persecute you; bless, and curse not. 15Rejoice with them that rejoice; weep with them that weep. 16Be of the same mind one toward another. Set not your mind on high things, but condescend to things that are lowly. Be not wise in your own conceits. 17Render to no man evil for evil. Take thought for things honorable in the sight of all men. 18If it be possible, as much as in you, be at peace with all men. 19Avenge not yourselves, beloved, but give place unto the wrath of God: for it is written, Vengeance belongs unto me; I will recompense, said the Lord. 20But if your enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him a drink: for in so doing you shall heap coals of fire upon his head. 21Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.


13 Let every soul be in subjection to the higher powers: for there is no power but of God; and the powers that be are ordained of God. 2Therefore he that resists the power, withstands the ordinance of God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment. 3For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil. And would you have no fear of the power? Do that which is good and you shall have praise from the same: 4for he is a minister of God to you for good. But if you do that which is evil, be afraid; for he bears not the sword in vain: for he is a minister of God, an avenger for wrath to him that does evil. 5Wherefore you must be in subjection, not only because of the wrath, but also for conscienceí sake. 6For this cause you pay tribute also; for they are ministers of Godís service, attending continually upon this very thing.

7Render to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor. 8Owe no man anything, accept to love one another: for he that loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law. 9For this cause, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You shall not steal, You shall not covet, and if there be any other commandment, it is summed up in this word, namely, You shall love your neighbor as yourself. 10Love works no ill to his neighbor: love therefore is the fulfillment of the law.

11And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of sleep: for now is salvation nearer to us than when we first believed. 12The night is far spent, and the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light. 13Let us walk becomingly, as in the day; not in reveling and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and jealousy. 14But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfill the lusts thereof.


14 But receive him that is weak in faith, yet not for judgments of doubts. 2One man has faith to eat all things: but he that is weak eats herbs. 3Let not him that eats set at nothing him that eat not; and let not him that eats not judge him that eat: for God has received him. 4Who are you that judges the servant of another? To his own lord he stands or falls. Yes, he shall be made to stand; for the Lord has power to make him stand. 5One man esteems one day above another: another esteems every day alike. Let each man be fully assured in his own mind. 6He that regards the day, regards it unto the Lord: and he that eat, eat unto the Lord, for he gives God thanks; and he that eat not, unto the Lord he eat not, and gives God thanks. 7For none of us lives to himself, and none dies to himself. 8For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; or whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lordís. 9For to this end Christ died and lived again, that he might be Lord of both the dead and the living. 10But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you set at nothing your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of God. 11For it is written, As I live, said the Lord, to me every knee shall bow, And every tongue shall confess to God. 12So then each one of us shall give account of himself to God. 13Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but rather judge this, that no man put a stumblingblock in his brotherís way, or an occasion of falling. 14I know, and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself: accept that to him who accounts anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean. 15For if because of meat your brother is grieved, you walk no longer in love. Destroy not him for whom Christ died with your meat. 16Let not then your good be evil spoken of: 17for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. 18For he that serves Christ in this way is well pleasing to God, and approved of men. 19So then let us follow after things that make for peace, and things whereby we may edify one another. 20Overthrow not for meatís sake the work of God. All things indeed are clean; howbeit, it is evil for that man who eats with offence. 21It is good not to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor to do anything whereby your brother stumbles. 22The faith which you have, have to yourself before God. Happy is he that judges not himself in that which he approve. 23But he that doubt is condemned if he eat, because he eat not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin.


15 Now we that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves. 2So let each one of us please his neighbor for that which is good, unto edifying. 3For Christ also pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached you fell upon me. 4For whatsoever things were written before were written for our learning, that through patience and through the comfort of the scriptures we might have hope.

5Now the God of patience and of comfort grant you to be of the same mind one with another according to Christ Jesus: 6that with one accord you may with one mouth glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

7Wherefore receive you one another, even as Christ also received you, to the glory of God. 8For I say that Christ has been made a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, that he might confirm the promises given unto the fathers, 9and that the Nations might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, Therefore will I give praise unto you among the Nations, And sing unto your name. 10And again he said, Rejoice, you Nations, with his people. 11And again, Praise the Lord, all you Nations; And let all the peoples praise him. 12And again, Isaiah said, There shall be the root of Jesse, And he that arises to rule over the Nations; on him shall the Nations hope.

13Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope, in the power of the Holy Spirit.

14And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another. 15But I write the more boldly unto you in some measure, as putting you again in remembrance, because of the grace that was given me of God, 16that I should be a minister of Christ Jesus unto the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be made acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Spirit.

17I have therefore my glorifying in Christ Jesus in things pertaining to God. 18For I will not dare to speak of any things save those which Christ worked through me, for the obedience of the Gentiles, by word and deed, 19in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Holy Spirit; so that from Jerusalem, and round about even unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ; 20yes, making it my aim so to preach the gospel, not where Christ was already named, that I might not build upon another manís foundation; 21but, as it is written, They shall see, to whom no tidings of him came, And they who have not heard shall understand.

22Wherefore also I was hindered these many times from coming to you: 23but now, having no more any place in these regions, and having these many years a longing to come unto you, 24whensoever I go unto Spain (for I hope to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way there by you, if first in some measure I shall have been satisfied with your company)-- 25but now, I say, I go unto Jerusalem, ministering unto the saints. 26For it has been the good pleasure of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor among the saints that are at Jerusalem. 27Yes, it has been their good pleasure; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, they owe it to them also to minister unto them in carnal things. 28When therefore I have accomplished this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will go on by you unto Spain. 29And I know that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ.

30Now I beg you brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, that you strive together with me in your prayers to God for me; 31that I may be delivered from them that are disobedient in Judaea, and that my ministration which I have for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints; 32that I may come unto you in joy through the will of God, and together with you find rest. 33Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.


16 I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church that is at Cenchreae: 2that you receive her in the Lord, worthily of the saints, and that you assist her in whatsoever matter she may have need of you: for she herself also has been a helper of many, and of my own self. 3Salute Prisca and Aquila my fellow-workers in Christ Jesus, 4who for my life laid down their own necks; unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles: 5and salute the church that is in their house. Salute Epaenetus my beloved, who is the first fruits of Asia unto Christ. 6Salute Mary, who bestowed much labor on you. 7Salute Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also have been in Christ before me. 8Salute Ampliatus my beloved in the Lord. 9Salute Urbanus our fellow-worker in Christ, and Stachys my beloved. 10Salute Apelles the approved in Christ. Salute them that are of the household of Aristobulus. 11Salute Herodion my kinsman. Salute them of the household of Narcissus that are in the Lord. 12Salute Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Lord. Salute Persis the beloved, who labored much in the Lord. 13Salute Rufus the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. 14Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brethren that are with them. 15Salute Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints that are with them. 16Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ salute you.

17Now I beg you brethren, mark them that are causing the divisions and occasions of stumbling, contrary to the doctrine which you learned: and turn away from them. 18For they that are such serve not our Lord Christ, but their own belly; and by their smooth and fair speech they beguile the hearts of the innocent. 19For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I rejoice therefore over you: but I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple unto that which is evil. 20And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

21Timothy my fellow-worker salutes you; and Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen. 22I Tertius, who write the epistle, salutes you in the Lord. 23Gaius my host, and of the whole church, salutes you. Erastus the treasurer of the city salutes you, and Quartus the brother. 24The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

25Now to him that is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept in silence through times eternal, 26but now is manifested, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, is made known unto all the nations unto obedience of faith: 27to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory for ever. Amen.


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 All text copyright © 2005 Aaron Randall. All rights reserved.  Photos, unless otherwise credited, are the property of the auth, all rights reserved.  Originally posted February 24, 2004.  Revised: April 07, 2010.